So many tests so little time....Pregnant? Is it time for your non-stress test? Are you stressed out about it? Well don't be. The information below will explain how easy and painless it really is....(and I have had SEVERAL so I know what I'm talking about!)
The NST is another way of externally monitoring your baby. The NST can be done as early as the 27th week of pregnancy, and it measures the Fetal Heart Rate (FHR) accelerations with normal movement. For this test, you will sit with knees and back partially elevated with a cushion under the right hip, which moves your uterus to the left.
The monitors are placed on your abdomen to measure the FHR and the ability of the uterus to contract. If there is no activity after 30 - 40 minutes, you will be given something to drink or a small meal which may stimulate fetal activity. (ask for chocolate!) Other interventions that might encourage fetal movement include the use of fetal acoustic stimulation (sending sounds to the fetus) and gently placing your hands on your abdomen and moving the fetus.
A NST may be performed if:
You sense that the baby is not moving as frequently as usual
You are overdue
There is any reason to suspect that the placenta is not functioning adequately
You are high risk for any other reasonsuch as multiples
The test can indicate if the baby is not receiving enough oxygen because of placental or umbilical cord problems; it can also indicate other types of fetal distress.
Below are tips for the working pregnant woman...whether pregnant for yourself or as a surrogate. Many women just concentrate on the getting pregnant part and don't look down the road as far as their employer maybe concerned. Hopefully the list below will offer some tips to pave the way to a happy and healthy working relationship with your employer.
Many women find themselves juggling the inside "job" of growing a baby and the outside job of working for pay. For some, especially those who do not suffer from pregnancy sickness and whose jobs are important to them, work is a welcome way to wait out the nine months. These mothers want to work right up until the first contraction. Other women may need a month or more to prepare their nest and focus on the life inside; they may plan to leave their jobs at a particular time, often in the last trimester. Some mothers, due to pregnancy complications, need to quit even in the early months. Whatever your pregnancy situation and your job, here are 10 Tips to Working while Pregnant:
Tip #1: Inform your employer.
If you intend to stop working after your baby comes, give your employer plenty of time to find a replacement, and yourself enough time to finish up important projects. Tell them when you plan to quit and ask how they would like you to help make the transition a smooth one. You will act responsibly, but your stated intention to quit makes it clear that your pregnancy and family come first.
Tip #2: Keep your options open.
If you want to return to your job after the baby is born, use caution. You want to keep your options open for a satisfactory maternity leave and at the same time protect your position. While it is illegal to discriminate against someone who is pregnant, the corporate world is often confused by a worker becoming a mother. A promotion you are in line for may be jeopardized by the fact of your pregnancy. You may risk being given less challenging assignments because of your "condition." You may be uncertain how your coworkers will take the news. Some may be sympathetic to your occasional memory lapses and your first trimester miseries. Others, you fear, will be worried about having to "cover" for you on days when you aren't at your best.
Tip #3: Use good timing.
The best time to tell is just after people begin to suspect you might be pregnant and before they are sure. Although you are excited about your news, most women recommend against revealing a pregnancy in the early months. Be careful not to wait too long to tell, either. You don't want to give your employer any reason to think you are untrustworthy; any suggestion that you concealed your pregnancy for your own gain may make you look as though you are not a "team player."
Tip #4: Do some homework.
Don't expect to function every day on your job at the same level as you did before you were pregnant. If you want to stay employed yet find your current position too strenuous, ask for a temporary transfer to a less demanding job. Better to be honest with your supervisor than be disgruntled and inefficient. If you don't want to change jobs, ask if you could work part-time, do some of your work at home, or have flexible hours where you could work harder or longer on more comfortable days.
Tip #5: Explore your options.
Interview yourself. If you truly know what you want, you are more likely to get it. Determine what you ideally want, what you can afford and what's best for your pregnancy and your family. Can you grow a baby and do your job? Do you want to? Bear in mind that complications or situations during your pregnancy (or after delivery) may make some of these decisions for you. Unless your doctor or your baby determines otherwise, could you work through most of your pregnancy? Would you rather start maternity leave early? Continue your job on a part-time basis from home? After the baby is born, do you want to come back to your present job, or one that is more compatible with family life? Do you want full-time work or part-time?
Tip #6: Enjoy the best of both worlds.
Working while pregnant should not mean being torn between protecting your job and mothering your baby, you can do both. Whether you want to take off and return as soon as possible or work as long as possible and return as late as possible, you should be able to work out the best plan for you, your baby, and your family. That plan may be very specific or quite general. One mother we know was certain that she was more committed to her baby than her job, so she had nothing to lose. Not knowing how she'd feel about working, she asked her employer if they could negotiate after the baby came. In the meantime, she offered to keep up with projects from home on an hourly pay basis. After the baby was born, she worked a few hours a week from home, came in for meetings at four and six weeks (with the baby) and at eight weeks knew enough to negotiate a continuation of work from home for an hourly wage -- that way she felt neither party would be short-changed. She worked 10 to 20 hours a week from home for the company for four years.
Tip #7: Know your rights.
Know what your company's maternity leave policies are (you should have been given a copy of them when you were hired) and what the laws allow. If you know and trust a coworker who previously negotiated a leave package with this company, ask what she did, what she got, and what she'd advise you to do. If you do not have a copy of the maternity leave policy, you can get one from the personnel director. (However, he or she may also inform your boss.) If the company does not already have a maternity leave policy and is small enough not to be legally required to have one, you may have to be a pioneer, negotiating the policy for the benefit of your future pregnant coworkers. If you can, check out the maternity leave policies of other companies before you talk to your supervisor.
Tip #8: Review your company's policy.
When reviewing your company's policy, be sure you understand:
Whether maternity leave is paid, unpaid, or partially paid
Whether you are eligible for disability insurance benefits, complete or partial.
Whether the company has a medical disability insurance policy that pays a portion of your salary while on leave. Pregnancy is legally considered a medical disability. Find out which forms you have to complete, and where to send them. Follow up: has the appropriate office received, processed, and finalized your application? Be sure your doctor has signed and completed the appropriate forms stating when you are able to return to work.
Whether the company's policy guarantees you can return to your same job or one that is equivalent in pay and advancement possibilities.
How much time off you are allowed.
Whether you may use your present benefit days (sick leave, personal leave, vacation time) to extend your paid maternity leave.
What the company's provisions are for extended maternity leave -- paid, unpaid, partially paid, working from home?
What the possibilities are of continuing your present job during and after your pregnancy by working part-time at home and being tied into the office by phone, fax, or computer.
What options are available should medical complications or maternal desires necessitate a change in plans.
Whether your health plan is still in effect while you are on extended leave, and whether it is partial or full coverage. How long will they keep you on the medical insurance policy at full or partial benefits? Do you share the cost?
Tip #9: Select the right way to tell.
After selecting the time and person to tell (and preferably when that person is having a good day), present your case. How to tell depends upon your pregnancy, your job, your wishes, and the reception you imagine you will get from your supervisor and coworkers. As in any negotiations, consider where the other person is coming from. Your supervisor wants to know when you are leaving, when you are coming back, and how best to fill in the gap while you're gone. Be ready with those answers. Realistically, your supervisor is more concerned about the company's operations than your personal needs. Your employer must consider the possibility that you may later decide not to return to work (although studies show that attractive maternity leave policies and a family-friendly workplace make it more likely that women will return).
Tip #10: Work out the right maternity leave package for you.
Only you can guess how much maternity leave time you need; only your company can guess how much time they can afford to be without you. Remember, your bargaining power depends not only on how you present your case, but also on your value to the company. If you have a unique skill required for a special job, you have more clout than if there are many others within the company who can do your job just as well. Be realistic about your needs, your negotiating power, and the needs of the company, but remember, too, that companies want to be seen as family-friendly in their maternity leave policies.
I have been blogging for a short time (compared to most) and it started out as an extension of Infertility Answers, Inc. But honestly it has turned into more then that....an exploration of myself and my impact on the surrogacy world, either as a gestational carrier myself, my role in supporting other surrogates and intended parents as an agency owner and friend, and my own struggle with secondary infertility and parenting issues. I wholly agree that blogging is a great way to express yourself even if you want to be anonymous.
"Infertility, once referred to as the 'silent disorder,' has found a voice," says Washington, D.C.-based writer Cheryl Miller in a fascinating essay titled "Blogging Infertility" in the latest edition of The New Atlantis.
Blogging, says Miller, has provided a powerful outlet for the infertile, providing unlimited support and information. For the public, she says, the multitude of infertility blogs offers a unique perspective on the condition but in a way that is sometimes so personal it borders on voyeurism.
"The openness and transparency encouraged by the Internet pose new challenges, particularly for something as intimate as human reproduction. Allowing the world to read about -- and comment on -- your political opinions is one thing. Allowing the world a front-row seat to witness your struggles to conceive is another."
Miller describes popular blogs such as Stirrup Queens, Coming2Terms and one of the few blogs written by a man, Maybe Baby. Maybe Baby is the story of Chicago writer Matthew M.F. Miller (no relation to Cheryl Miller) who, on Friday, announced that his wife, Constance, took her 10th negative pregnancy test in the last two years. On Monday, Miller blogged:
"Pregnancy isn't simple science, not for me and not for us, and no amount of science will ever change my mind about that."
He's writing a book, apparently the first male memoir on infertility, due out later this year.
-- Shari Roan
Photo: Frozen eggs in the USC Fertility laboratory, Bryan Chan / Los Angeles Times
Folic acid, sometimes called folate, is a B vitamin (B9) found mostly in leafy green vegetables like kale and spinach, orange juice, and enriched grains. Repeated studies have shown that women who get 400 micrograms (0.4 milligrams) daily prior to conception and during early pregnancy reduce the risk that their baby will be born with a serious neural tube defect (a birth defect involving incomplete development of the brain and spinal cord) by up to 70%.
The most common neural tube defects are spina bifida(an incomplete closure of the spinal cord and spinal column), anencephaly (severe underdevelopment of the brain), and encephalocele (when brain tissue protrudes out to the skin from an abnormal opening in the skull). All of these defects occur during the first 28 days of pregnancy - usually before a woman even knows she's pregnant.
That's why it's so important for all women of childbearing age to get enough folic acid - not just those who are planning to become pregnant. Only 50% of pregnancies are planned, so any woman who could become pregnant should make sure she's getting enough folic acid. (and women planning on becoming egg donors and surrogates)
Doctors and scientists still aren't completely sure why folic acid has such a profound effect on the prevention of neural tube defects, but they do know that this vitamin is crucial in the development of DNA. As a result, folic acid plays a large role in cell growth and development, as well as tissue formation.
I am one of the millions guilty of giving birth to a Co-Pay baby...actually I had two! The real phrase-ology here is Co-Payment Cost Baby but I like mine shortened and sweet. If you haven't heard this before it basically means that the only money that your kid(s) cost you was the co-payment (from conception to birth) I had 2 of my own on this plan and let me tell you it IS cheaper and easier then IVF or any ART treatment. Duh! For my son and first born the only reason we shelled out any money at all was because 21 years ago 'they' considered circumcision to be a form of cosmetic surgery! (I am glad my son doesn't read this because I think I just told the world that he was circumcised!) 'They' are the Insurance Company. And we paid the hospital $100.00. The End! (Pun Intended!!)
I also gave birth to four, let me get this right, Beta Babies: children conceived through fertility treatment. In other words, their parents (and surrogates) know their first and second beta numbers....and sometimes third! Maybe some of us become surrogates because we feel guilty for the ability to have the Co-Pay Babies and we search high and low through the "land of infertility" for a person or couple who will allow us to help them and make all their "secret hope stories" come true. I am getting all of my words here from Glossary of All of My Made-up Wordshttps://stirrup-queens.blogspot.com/ in case you don't have enough of your own. But I am telling you that there is a lot to be said for the cost of giving birth to a dream...(my phrase)!
This is an actual title of a blog and I am amazed that the creativity of other bloggers out there in Cyberville. I am kind of embarrassed that I could only come up with Surrogacy 101! But...it's simple and you don't have to guess what the topic is. ( I am trying to console myself here!)
I have been spending some of my online time reading other peoples blogs...Intended Parents mostly...and although I have talked with, e-mailed, IM'ed, and met many IP's, reading their blogs are so much more intimate for lack of a better description. Inner thoughts...fears...challenges and assumptions are all written about in a variety of different styles. Emotions that I only have experienced the fringes of through my journey of secondary infertility. (which might explain, to some, why I have a 9 1/2 year gap between my own children. Sometimes I am very flippant when people ask if I am on my 2nd marriage and I say No...we just like to grow our own babysitters) HA.
So you are 6 days post transfer and you just can't HELP it! You have ordered 20 Home Pregnancy tests from a store on the Internet and it's killing you not to know...are you? Aren't you? If you get a positive on day 6 does that mean the two embryos might be twins? Or even triplets!!?? It has happened before! I found the chart (below) just for you along with a few test taking tips!! You know I am sending you the most positive thoughts! ++++ GOOD LUCK GIRL!!
Sensitivity Chart Pregnancy Test Brand
Sensitivity (or the hCG threshold at which a positive result is indicated). The lower the number, the higher the test sensitivity.
When it comes to interpreting the tests, there are a few important keys to increasing accuracy and early-detection. These include:
1. Use first morning urine. Why? Because FMU will contain the highest amount of hCG. This means you can receive an accurate result sooner!
2. Hold your urine: If you need to test in the afternoon or evening, don't flush your body with liquids or urinate before testing. Hold your urine as long as (comfortably) possible. This way the hCG in the urine will not be diluted. This is a good alternative if you want to re-test or if you cannot use FMU.
3. Adhere to the test reaction time! If you go to Drugstore.com or any product review site, you will find many women complaining about false positive pregnancy tests. Actually, a false positive pregnancy test is quite rare. What may be happening here is that the test user is trying to read the test after the given reaction time specified by the manufacturer. The fact is, every test has a time interval that must be respected, typically between five and ten minutes. Any result determined after the reaction time should be disregarded or considered "invalid". Why? Two reasons. The first is that a test will become increasingly more sensitive over time and may indicate a very faint test line based on naturally levels of hCG (present in non-pregnant women and even men!). Second, sometimes the chemical composition of urine will cause a ghost line or evaporation line. Typically colorless, an evaporation line will only appear well after the given reaction time of the test. In other words, if you see an evaporation line, you should not be looking at the test anyway! In other words, if you see a ghost line, this is not a false positive, as the test reaction time has passed and the any result should be considered not valid.
A false negative pregnancy test is typically due to situations where the user is testing to early or there is not enough hCG in the urine sample. To avoid false negative results, observe tips one and two, and follow the testing guidelines of the manufacturer. There may also be instances where hCG levels differ among women. In other words, for women the rate of hCG production is slower, meaning that she may need to wait a few days longer before receiving a positive result. Also, implantation may occur later, which will also result in a bit of a delay in determining a positive result.
I know that my blogs have been jumping all over the place but honestly, when a topic hits, it hits hard! I might talk to an IP or an old friend or I may read someone's blog and say to myself 'I need to write about that!" An so here I am writing about Celebrating....celebrating an egg retrieval gone GOOD...celebrating more the one embryo growing by leaps and bounds in that little petri dish...a successful transfer....a positive HPT....just celebrating.
Surrogates, do you ever think how hard it actually is for Intended Parents to really celebrate? Most of the time these IP's have been through years of grief and struggle and during that time might have experienced periods where they did indeed celebrate the small milestones leading up to a full blown pregnancy only to be disappointed with a BFN from the Beta (or HPT or the embryos died). How hard is that to take over and over and over again? And then they choose surrogacy and there is hope...but not celebration. At least not the type 'we' feel there should be. All that grief and struggle and sadness and failure turns into FEAR when they hear that there is a real pregnancy. The IP's live in the fear that somehow all of this new joy could be taken away in the blink of an eye. Because they have seen it happen before...to them and to others like them!
Maybe we expect the celebration to start at some point during the pregnancy like at the 20 week mark or a month before the due date or even at the birth. I have heard surrogates wonder out loud where is the enthusiasm? Please give your IP's time. The joy will come, the celebration will last for the rest of their lives just as soon as they except the reality that THIS TIME 'it' worked! They really are parents!! And for now, let YOUR Joy shine through!
It seems that My blog and a few other have been hacked into. TypePad is working on the issue but until then there are some very strange posts coming from my blog and I apologize for any crazy posts you are receiving in your mail box or on your RSS.
You may be wondering what the Food and Drug Administration has to do with Assisted Reproduction Technology. In May of 2004 (actually there were some before this time as well) guidelines were drawn up for clinics in the United States of America to follow regarding testing of Egg Donors, Sperm Donors and Carriers. Some of this testing really threw off timing of the cycles for a while...certain tests needed certain results back before certain procedures could be completed....confusing as heck for a while. To top that off the FDA put together a team of professionals to audit files and procedures regarding the records of these guidelines, without any warning. They could enter a clinic and ask to see a senior staff member and get to work inspecting the files and interviewing the employees. By 2005 some of these guidelines were amended because it was near impossible to get the labs to complete most test results and have them back to the clinic in a timely manner. Below is a short example of what is expected:
Sec. 1271.75 How do I screen a donor?
(a) All donors . Except as provided under 1271.90, if you are the establishment that performs donor screening, you must screen a donor of cells or tissue by reviewing the donor's relevant medical records for:
(1) Risk factors for, and clinical evidence of, relevant communicable disease agents and diseases, including:
(i) Human immunodeficiency virus;
(ii) Hepatitis B virus;
(iii) Hepatitis C virus;
(iv) Human transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, including Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease;
(v) Treponema pallidum ; and
(2) Communicable disease risks associated with xenotransplantation.
(b) Donors of viable, leukocyte-rich cells or tissue . In addition to the relevant communicable disease agents and diseases for which screening is required under paragraph (a) of this section, and except as provided under 1271.90, you must screen the donor of viable, leukocyte-rich cells or tissue by reviewing the donor's relevant medical records for risk factors for and clinical evidence of relevant cell-associated communicable disease agents and diseases, including Human T-lymphotropic virus.
(c) Donors of reproductive cells or tissue . In addition to the relevant communicable disease agents and diseases for which screening is required under paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, as applicable, and except as provided under 1271.90, you must screen the donor of reproductive cells or tissue by reviewing the donor's relevant medical records for risk factors for and clinical evidence of infection due to relevant communicable diseases of the genitourinary tract. Such screening must include screening for the communicable disease agents listed in paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section. However, if the reproductive cells or tissues are recovered by a method that ensures freedom from contamination of the cells or tissue by infectious disease organisms that may be present in the genitourinary tract, then screening for the communicable disease agents listed in paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section is not required. Communicable disease agents of the genitourinary tract for which you must screen include:
(1) Chlamydia trachomatis ; and
(2) Neisseria gonorrhea .
(d) Ineligible donors . You must determine ineligible a donor who is identified as having either of the following:
(1) A risk factor for or clinical evidence of any of the relevant communicable disease agents or diseases for which screening is required under paragraphs (a)(1), (b), or (c) of this section; or
(2) Any communicable disease risk associated with xenotransplantation.
(e) Abbreviated procedure for repeat donors . If you have performed a complete donor screening procedure on a living donor within the previous 6 months, you may use an abbreviated donor screening procedure on repeat donations. The abbreviated procedure must determine and document any changes in the donor's medical history since the previous donation that would make the donor ineligible, including relevant social behavior.
[66 FR 5466, Jan. 19, 2001, as amended at 71 FR 14798, Mar. 24, 2006]
As you can see this was amended in 2006....Could you understand all that? You can find more of the same on Infertility Answers, LLC - ART and the FDA. As dry as all this FDA stuff might be, it is a great idea to know what is expected of the clinic and ultimately of YOU as you enter the wonderful world of ART and IVF!
Q~ I am in the process of comparing Infertility Clinics and I am wondering if there is something that I should ask about other then what the live birth rates are. We are considering using my sister as a surrogate.
A~ Below are some questions that I actually found on the internet for a first time infertility client but maybe it will prompt you to ask another question or two...like are the live birth rates linked to surrogate birth? Age of the eggs? Quality of the embryos? Just something to think about...then there is cost, location and if you actually feel comfortable with the office staff and doctor!
~ How many patients at your clinic have had this treatment in the last two years, and how many of them have become pregnant/had a baby?
~ Are there alternative treatments? If so, what do they involve, and why do you think they are less suitable for me?
~ What other options are available to me if this treatment doesn't work
~ How does my age affect the choice of fertility treatment?
~ What drugs will I have to take, and what are the usual side effects they might have?
~ Are there any alternatives to the drugs you have mentioned?
~ Can you break down all the costs involved in this treatment? Are there any other costs that might arise?
~ Is there any way these costs can be reduced?
~ What lifestyle changes can I make to boost my chance of success (eg, diet, exercise, stopping smoking, etc)? How will these help?
~ What kind of counseling or advice service do you provide? Is there a cost for this, or how many free sessions can I have?
~ Does this clinic have a patient support group I can join, or are there other groups you would recommend?
~ Could you tell me more about the assessment process you will need to carry out before giving me the go-ahead for treatment (this is sometimes known as the ´welfare of the child' assessment).
~ What happens next? Do I (and/or my partner) need to do anything now?
~ What are the benefits of the treatment you've recommended and why do you think it's the best option for me?
I believe the last paragraph is the most interesting statements that this article is sharing with it's audience. I won't even make you scroll down to read it!
"Indeed, Nightlight Christian Adoptions, which runs one of the largest "embryo-adoption" services in the country, says its program has resulted in 194 births over the last decade. Another large program, the five-year-old National Embryo Donation Center, has logged nearly 100."
These numbers say to me that Embryo Adoption/Donation has a long way to go and that perhaps more education in the Infertility Clinic would be helpful. What are your thoughts?
"Embryo adoption" services touch on some controversial issues, starting with their name.
By Janet I. Tu
SEATTLE - The day the frozen embryo arrived via FedEx was the day Maria Lancaster began experiencing firsthand what she said she had always believed: that human life begins at conception.
Lancaster was 46 and, after three miscarriages, she and her husband, Jeff, longed for a child. One day, they heard about "embryo adoptions," in which couples who have gone through in-vitro fertilization donate any leftover embryos to infertile couples. Several months of soul-searching later, they received a frozen embryo from a North Carolina clinic - cells that were thawed and implanted in Lancaster's womb.
Now Lancaster looks at her 5-year-old daughter, Elisha - lively and precocious - and thinks: miracle. "It was a demonstration to us that every embryo is a complete, unique and total human being in its tiniest form," Lancaster said.
Last month, Lancaster launched an "embryo adoption" service through Cedar Park Assembly of God Church in Bothell. The service aims to match couples who want to donate embryos with those who want to receive them.
It's one of only a few such services nationwide and, as far as Lancaster knows, the only one run by a church, though many such services are Christian-based.
While the practice of donating embryos to infertile couples is, in itself, not particularly controversial, the question of what's to be done with an estimated 400,000 frozen embryos in storage nationwide touches on some of the most controversial issues of the day, from abortion to stem-cell research.
The stored embryos are the result of fertility treatments. When a couple undergoes in-vitro fertilization, the doctor retrieves a woman's eggs and mixes them with sperm in a lab. If embryos result, a certain number are transferred to the woman's uterus and any extra ones are frozen for future use.
But often, especially once a couple has children, the additional embryos are no longer needed. The couple can then donate them to other infertile couples, give them away for research purposes, discard them, or pay to keep them in storage.
Those who support research using stem cells derived from embryos see in it hope for cures for diseases that afflict millions, such as Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and diabetes. Others believe such research is wrong.
Maria Lancaster, president of a ship-supply company, acknowledges that when she first heard about embryo transfers, "the thought of putting someone else's kid in your body" seemed strange.
For her, seeing Elisha come into being from two cells that had been frozen for four years before being implanted in her womb gave form to the words from the Bible, where God says: "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you."
Though brochures for Embryo Adoption Services of Cedar Park clearly come out against embryonic stem-cell research, Lancaster sees her work as noncontroversial, saying it gives infertile couples the gift of a child and embryos currently stored in freezers a chance at life.
Sean Tipton, spokesman for the 8,500-member American Society of Reproductive Medicine, says his group supports embryo donation as one of several options open to in-vitro patients.
What he objects to is the term "embryo adoption," saying it is used by groups that "want to elevate the moral status of the embryo to be the equivalent of an existing child."
Scientifically speaking, that's simply flawed thinking, he says, explaining that in natural conceptions, only 25 percent of fertilized eggs develop into babies.
Embryo transfers themselves are often unsuccessful, since many embryos don't survive the freezing-and-thawing process. And even after an embryo has been implanted, the pregnancy rate is not high.
Equating a fertilized egg with a living child would mean "you can't allow freezing of these embryos for later use [because] we don't freeze babies," and you can't allow abortions or some forms of contraception such as IUDs, Tipton said.
"I think in most people's minds there's a difference between a fertilized egg and a baby," said Karen Cooper, executive director of NARAL Pro-Choice Washington. Calling embryo donations "adoptions" is a "political stunt, appealing on emotions," she said.
In any case, given the 400,000 frozen embryos in storage, the number of embryo transfers has been small. Tipton thinks that's because potential donors are uncomfortable with the idea of one of their genetic children being raised by someone else, and those who go to fertility clinics do so wanting to have their own child.
Indeed, Nightlight Christian Adoptions, which runs one of the largest "embryo-adoption" services in the country, says its program has resulted in 194 births over the last decade. Another large program, the five-year-old National Embryo Donation Center, has logged nearly 100.
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I wanted to share this link with you. It's free and easy!
.....Well according to the news here in the US, women are coming out of the woodwork to donate their eggs...for a price. All the same, there is no waiting list that I am aware of unless you are looking for the ultra magnificent Yale educated young woman....
I was talking to a reporter from MSNBC today and she wanted to know my thoughts on the rumor that more women were willing to sell their eggs now that the US is officially in a recession. She wondered if Intended Parents had a larger donor pool to choose from. My comments on this subject is that perhaps there is more interest in becoming an egg donor now because it is in the media every day (it seems) and although they (potential donors) might think it's easy money I doubt that the pool is much larger due to all of the 'unqualified' applicants. Age is a huge factor and so is their genetic background. What about the fact that it can take months or more to be matched and then cycling with the carrier? (Intended Mother or Surrogate) Lots of issues that need to be brought to the forefront...not just the 'desperate times calls for desperate measures' approach!
Couples waiting two years for eggs in donor shortage
Sophie Goodchild, Health Editor
London is facing a fertility crisis with women waiting more than two years for a donor egg, experts warned today.
Figures reveal that 500 couples in the capital are in desperate need of a donor so they can become parents.
This includes women who have undergone cancer treatment, early menopause or other medical conditions which leave them unable to conceive with their own eggs.
Fertility expert Lara Peterkin, from King's College Hospital, warned that the waiting list was increasing every year because not enough women were signing up as donors. Mrs Peterkin, from the hospital's assisted conception unit, said: "Unfortunately, due to a shortage of donors, the average wait for an egg across the London region is approximately two and a half years with the length of wait increasing year on year.
"Like many areas, in and around London there's a lack of awareness there is a donor shortage. Many women simply don't realise that donors are needed or that they themselves could become a donor."
King's is today launching its Give Hope, Give Life campaign, aimed at recruiting women aged 23 to 35 to donate their eggs.
They will help people like Claire Horner, a magistrate in her early forties, who was left infertile after breast cancer treatment which triggered an early menopause.
She and her management consultant husband Dennis were desperate to have children so joined the donor waiting list. But there was further heartbreak to endure when her first two attempts failed.
Her son Jack, now two and a half, was born in 2006 and the couple, from Richmond, are now planning another baby. This time they are using a Ukrainian egg donor and English surrogate because of the long waiting list in Britain.
Mrs Horner urged women to join the register, saying: "Egg donation is a wonderful gift that has allowed us to have the family we dreamed of. The woman who donated her eggs transformed our lives."
About one in six couples in Britain experiences fertility problems. These women can be helped through assisted conception including egg donation. The donated egg is fertilized with the father's sperm and then implanted into the mother.
London is one of five regions in the country identified by the National Gamete Donation Trust where demand for eggs greatly outweighs supply. A YouGov poll of 1,598 women published today shows that seven out of 10 women underestimate the extent of fertility problems. Six out of 10 surveyed also did not appreciate how long the wait would be for an egg donor.
Every Day is Mother’s Day The author, her son, Max Dudley Stevenson, and her baby nurse, Margo Clements, at home in Southampton, N.Y., in July.
I don't know if the photos were the catalyst that caused 404 people to comment on the My Body, My Baby Article posted in the NY Times from November 28th to November 30th but they sure brought on some harsh comments...was it the black baby nurse looking so subservient? (waiting for fingers to be snapped?) Was the issue the dilapidated looking porch that the pregnant surrogate was lounging on?
Almost Baked Cathy Hilling at home in Harleysville, Pa., about a week before giving birth to the author’s baby.
Was it that people found the fact that the Intended Parents in this case were not afraid to say "we had the money and we got what we wanted"? Whatever the case, the comments say a lot more about the attitudes of the American public on the subject of Surrogacy then the article itself. It also shows that A LOT of public education is sorely needed on this topic and other Third Party Family Building avenues.